Scientific Papers


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ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

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Knowledge intensity and employment structures in the European countries

Vol. 7, No 2, 2014


Grażyna Węgrzyn

Wrocław University of Economics


Knowledge intensity and employment structures in the European countries 

Received: June, 2014

1st Revision: September, 2014

Accepted: October, 2014


ABSTRACT. Building a knowledge-based economy is closely related to innovation growth and should be reflected in the growing importance of sectors that intensively use technology and a highly skilled workforce (i.e. human capital). The growing importance of knowledge in an economy is demonstrated, inter alia, by changes in the employment structure. This paper attempts to identify how employment structure in the service sector depends on the level of knowledge-intensity in a national economy. The analysis cov- ered EU member countries (except Greece and Croatia) during the 2006–2011 period. The intensity of knowledge use seems to vary widely among European countries. Countries advanced in their use of knowledge, having high values of KIE (‘knowledge-intensity leaders’ and ‘knowledge-intensity supporters’) have an employment structure dem- onstrating their structural focus on the industries that require specialized knowledge.

DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2014/7-2/8

JEL Classification:  J21, O52. Introduction

Keywords: service sector, employment, European Union.