Scientific Papers

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

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The effects of US import tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Mexico

Vol. 15, No 4, 2022

 

Osvaldo U. Becerril Torres

 

Department of Economics, Autonomous University of Mexico State,

Mexico

obecerrilt@uaemex.mx

ORCID 0000-0002-5685-5636

The effects of US import tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Mexico

Gabriela Munguía Vázquez

 

Department of Economics, Autonomous University of Mexico State,

Mexico

gmunguiav@uaemex.mx

ORCID 0000-0002-3753-8141


Justyna Wieloch

 

Department of International Trade, University of Lodz,

Poland

justyna.wieloch@uni.lodz.pl 

ORCID 0000-0001-5956-2129 

 

 

 

Abstract. To this end, mathematical and statistical methods are used to model the effect of tariffs, ex-ante and ex-post, after implementing this trade policy, on exports of aluminum and steel from Mexico to the United States, versus US imports of these metals from the ROW. The results show that the protectionist tariff policy had a structural effect on US imports; likewise, the tariff shock implemented by the United States in June 2018 adversely affected its imports of these goods, both in terms of volume and value. This suggests that bilateral trade may be affected, but the effect is differentiated. The United States may be achieving its objective of protecting its domestic industry or it may impact upwards on the domestic prices of these metals, which could influence the prices paid by the final consumer. For Mexico, trade may be diverted or its export capacity reduced, adversely affecting its trade balance of these metals.

 

Received: January, 2022

1st Revision: October, 2022

Accepted: December, 2022

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2022/15-4/10

 

JEL ClassificationF13, F14

Keywordstrade war, trade protectionism, trade policy, tariff shock, import duties