Scientific Papers


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ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

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Does efficiency of the Nordic pension system evolve after crisis?

Vol. 11, No 4, 2018


Marcin Brycz


Department of Economics, University of Gdańsk


Does efficiency of the Nordic pension system evolve after crisis?








Abstract. This study examines efficiency of the pension system in the Nordic countries in comparison to other European counterparts using efficiency indicators proposed by Chybalski (2016). Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is used to check weather Nordic Countries forms a cluster – it is possible to extract Nordic Countries from European Countries by their pension system efficiency before and after 2008 crisis. PCA was applied to the year 2008 and 2013 to investigate whether 2008-financial crisis changed pension system efficiency. According to our analysis pension systems in Iceland, Norway and Sweden are very efficient in terms of labour market and forms a cluster both before and after financial crisis. Denmark and Finland don’t differ significantly from the rest of analysed European countries.



Received: July, 2018

1st Revision: October, 2018

Accepted: November, 2018


DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2018/11-4/16


JEL ClassificationH12, H55, J32

Keywordspension systems, principal component analysis, Nordic countries