Scientific Papers

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES


© CSR, 2008-2013
ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)

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Entrepreneurial orientation and antecedents of low-income household heads in Kelantan, Malaysia

Vol. 11, No 1, 2018

 

Naresh Kumar

 

Global Entrepreneurship Research and Innovation Centre 

Universiti Malaysia Kelantan

Malaysia 

naresh@umk.edu.my

 

 

Entrepreneurial orientation and antecedents of low-income household heads in Kelantan, Malaysia

 

Abdullah Al Mamun

 

Global Entrepreneurship Research and Innovation Centre 

Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, 

Malaysia

abdullah.a@umk.edu.my


Mohamed Dahlan Ibrahim

 

Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business,

Universiti Malaysia Kelantan,

Malaysia 

dahlan@umk.edu.my

 

Mohd Nor Hakimin Bin Yusoff

 

Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business,

Universiti Malaysia Kelantan,

Malaysia

hakimin@umk.edu.my

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract. The objective of this study is to determine the distribution of entrepreneurial orientation across districts, gender, education level, occupation, and experience levels in Kelantan, Malaysia. This study employs the cross-sectional approach and quantitative data were collected from 800 low-income household heads in Kelantan, Malaysia. It was found that the distribution of entrepreneurial orientation is the same across gender. However, findings reported a significant difference in the distribution of entrepreneurial orientation across districts, education level, occupation, and experience level. Policy makers should therefore focus on interactive programs in order to increase the level of entrepreneurial orientation among low-income household heads in the district of Jeli, those who never attended school, the unemployed, and those who reported to have no experience as they scored the lowest mean rank.

 

 

Received: September, 2017

1st Revision: November, 2017

Accepted: December, 2017

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2018/11-1/10

 

JEL ClassificationL26

KeywordsEntrepreneurial orientation, low-income households