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JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES


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ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)



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Economic and social effects of novel supply chain concepts and virtual enterprises

Vol. 10, No 1, 2017

 

György Kovács

 

Institute of Logistics, University of Miskolc
Hungary
altkovac@uni-miskolc.hu

 

 

Economic and social effects of novel supply chain concepts and virtual enterprises

 

Sebastian Kot

 

The Management Faculty, Czestochowa University of Technology
Poland
Faculty of Economic Sciences and IT, North-West University
South Africa
sebacat@zim.pcz.czest.pl

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract. Growing market globalization, increasing global competition, more complex products results in application of new technologies, methods and business processes – due to the abovementioned tendencies novel supply chain strategies (Lean, Agile and Leagile Supply Chains) are established. In this study these supply chain concepts are being described and compared. Virtual enterprise is a temporary alliance of enterprises that come together to share their skills, core competencies, costs and resources in order to better respond to rapidly changing market environment and dynamic customer demands. Economic and social benefits and effects of virtual enterprises for customers and production companies and service providers are also described. Optimization software has been developed for optimal formation of virtual enterprise networks and is also introduced in this study. The aim of this software application is to define virtual enterprise as the optimal combination of supply chain members.

 

Received: November, 2016

1st Revision: March, 2017

Accepted: April, 2017

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2017/10-1/17

 

JEL Classification: C61

Keywords: supply chain, virtual enterprise, economic, social, optimization