Scientific Papers

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES


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ISSN: 2306-3483 (Online), 2071-8330 (Print)



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Spatial distribution of innovation activities in Czech Republic, 2010-2012

Vol. 10, No 1, 2017

 

Marek Vaculík

 

Moravian University College Olomouc
Czech Republic
Faculty of Business Economics, Hasselt University
Belgium
Marek.Vaculik@o-k-i.cz

 

 

Spatial distribution of innovation activities in Czech Republic, 2010-2012

 

Vít Pászto

 

Department of Geoinformatics, Palacký University Olomouc
Czech Republic
vit.paszto@upol.cz

 

 

Barbora Švarcová

 

Department of Geoinformatics, Palacký University Olomouc
Czech Republic
zdenka.svarcova@upol.cz

 

 

 

Abstract. Innovation is widely considered as an engine of economic growth, competitiveness and job creation. As such it has become a hot policy topic over the last years, especially on regional and national levels. Thus, it is vital to analyze and evaluate innovation activities, whether they are dispersed or concentrated in space. This article address the question: are innovations spatially clustered or not? In this article, we obtain a clear picture of the geographical distribution of innovation activities carried out by companies in Czech Republic during 2010-2012. Visual and statistical analysis of firm-level survey data concerning innovation activities of 5,449 (22% of the statistical population) Czech companies has been performed. Using four newly calculated innovation measures, their overall scores in Local Administrative Units 1 and consequent geovisualization allowed us revealing clusters of innovating districts and evaluating their spatial patterns. The main findings are that low innovative regions are located mainly (1) in the borderlands, (2) in rural areas, and (3) in mountainous areas. On the other hand, highly innovative regions tend to be in major cities and their neighborhoods, which indicates a positive spillover effect.

 

Received: December, 2016

1st Revision: January, 2017

Accepted: February, 2017

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-8330.2017/10-1/8

 

JEL Classification: O31, R12

Keywords: innovation activity, geographical distribution, Czech Republic, spatial concentration, high-innovative companies war